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Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by brown or gray-brown patches, usually on the face. It’s sometimes referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” because it can arise in pregnant women, due to hormonal changes. However, melasma can affect anyone.

Causes of Melasma:

  • Hormonal Fluctuations: Changes in hormones due to pregnancy, birth control pills, or hormone replacement therapy can trigger melasma.
  • Sun Exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes (pigment-producing cells in the skin). Even a small amount of sun exposure can make melasma return after fading.
  • Genetics: Individuals with a family history of melasma are more likely to develop it.

Areas Commonly Affected Include:

  • Cheeks
  • Bridge of the nose
  • Forehead
  • Chin
  • Above the upper lip

Our Hollywood Spectra laser is a type of Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, which has been used in various dermatological treatments, including tattoo removal and the treatment of pigmented lesions like melasma. Here is a general overview of treating melasma with the Hollywood Spectra laser from Lutronic:


Before treatment, it’s essential to consult a trained medical professional such as a medical aesthetician. They can assess whether you’re a suitable candidate for Spectra laser treatment and provide guidance on pre-treatment and post-treatment care.


  • The skin is cleansed to remove any dirt or makeup.
  • Protective eyewear is provided to both the patient and the practitioner.
  • The Q-switched laser is calibrated based on the individual’s skin type and the severity of melasma.
  • The laser emits short pulses of energy that target the melanin in the skin. The Q-switched laser’s rapid pulse helps break down the pigment without causing significant damage to surrounding tissue.
  • The treatment can cause a tingling or warm sensation, but it is generally well-tolerated.

Post-Treatment Care:

  • Redness, swelling, or a mild burning sensation may be experienced, but these side effects typically subside within hours to days.
  • Sunscreen is crucial after treatment to protect the skin from UV radiation and prevent melasma recurrence.
  • Patients are advised to avoid direct sun exposure and use broad-spectrum sunscreen regularly.
  • Moisturizers and gentle skincare products can be used to soothe the skin.

Number of Sessions:

Multiple sessions are usually needed for optimal results, with sessions spaced a few weeks apart. The exact number varies based on the severity of melasma and the individual’s skin response.


The Hollywood Spectra laser can offer a reduction in the appearance of melasma, and it can also improve skin texture, reduce pores, and rejuvenate the skin.

Potential Side Effects:

Like all laser treatments, there are potential side effects, including hyperpigmentation (darkening of the skin), hypopigmentation (lightening of the skin), and blistering. Working with a qualified and experienced practitioner can minimize these risks. It’s essential to understand that while laser treatments can provide significant improvement, melasma can be a recurrent condition, especially if triggering factors (like sun exposure) are not adequately managed. It is important to remember that with all laser treatments, risks are possible and results do vary.

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